整理编辑：广东省学位英语考试网 发布时间：2020-09-27 阅读量：0
Part I Reading Comprehension
Directions:There are three passages in this part Each passage is fllowed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices markedA,B,Cand D.Youshould decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Looking back on my childhood.I am convinced that naturalists are bom and not made.Although we were brought up in the same way,my brothers and sisters soon abandoned their pressed(紧抱的)flowers and insects. Unlike them , hand no ear for music and languages,I was not an early reader and I could not do mental arithmetic.
Before Word war I we spent our summer holidays in Hungary.I have only the dim memory of the house we lived in, of my room and my toys.(76)Nor do I recall clearly the large family of grandparents ,aunts,uncles and cousins who gathered next door.but 1 do have a crystal-dlear memory of dogs,the fam animals,the local birds and above all,the insets.
I am a naturalist,not a scientist.I have a strong love of the natural world,and my enthusiasm has led me into varied investigations.I love discussing my favorite topics and enjoy burning the midnight.I love discussing my favorite topics and enjoy buming the midnight oil,reading about other people's observations and discoveries .then something happens that brings these observations together in my conscious mind. Suddenly you fancy you see the answer to the riddle( 谜),because it all seems to fit together. This has resulted in my publishing 300 papers and books,which some might honor with the title of scientific research.
But curiosity,a keen eye,a good memory and enjoyment of the animal and plant world do not make a scientit one of the outstanding and essental qulities required is self-discipline,a quality I lack.A scientist can be made A naturalist is bom.If you can combine the two,you get the best of born worlds.
1.According to the author,a bom naturalist should first of all be _____
A. full of enthusiasm
C. full of ambition
2. The first paragraph tells us that the author____
A. lost his hearing when he was a child
B. didn’tlike his brothers and sisters
C. was born to a naturalist' s family
D. was interested in flowers an insects in his childhood
3. The author says that he is a naturalist rather than a scientist probably because he thinks he_____
A. just reads about other people’s observations and discoveries
B.comes up with solutions in most natural ways
C. has a great deal of trouble doing mental arithmetic
D. lacks some of the qulies required of scientst
4.The author can’t remember his relatives clearty because____
A. he was flly occupied with obsering nature
B. he didn' tlive very long with them
C. the family was extremely large
D. he was too young when he lived with them
5.Which of the following statement is true?______
A.The author believes that a bom naturalist cannot be a scientist.
B.The author’s brothers and sisters were good at music and languages.
C.The author read a lot of books about the natural word and the oil industry.
D.The author spent a lot of time working on riddles.
Question 6 to 10 are based on the fllowing passage.
If you have a chance to go to Finland,you will probably be suprised to find how“foolish”the Finnish people are.
Take the taxi drivers for example.Taxis in Finland are mostly high- dlass Benz with a fare of two US dollars a kilometer.You can go anywhere in one,tell the driver to drop you at any place,say that you have some business to attend to,and then walk off without paying your fare.The driver would not show the least sign of anxiety.
The dining rooms in all big hotels not only serve their guests, but also serve outside diners.Hotel guests have their meals fee, so they naturally go to the free dining rooms to have their waiter.With such a loose check,you can easily use any old registration card to take a couple of friends to dine free of charge.
The Finish workers are paid by the hour.(77)They are very much on their own as soon as they have agreed with the boss on the rate. From then on they just say how many hours they have worked and they will be paid accordingly.
With so many loopholes(漏洞 )in everyday life,surely Finland must be a heaven to those who love to take“petty advantages".But the strange thing is,all the taxi passengers would always come back to pay their fare after they have attended to their business;not a single outsider has ever been found in the free hotel dining rooms.And workers always give an honest account of the exact hours they put in.As the Finns always act on good faith in everything they do,living in such a society has turned everyone into a real"gentleman"
(78)In a society of such high moral practice, what need is there for people to be on guard against others?
6.While taking a taxi in Finland,______
A.a passenger can go anywhere without having to pay the driver
B.a passenger pays two Us dollars for a taxi ride
C.a passenger can never be turned down by the taxi driver wherever he wants to go
D.a passenger needs to provide good faith demonstration before they leave without paying
7.We know from the passage that big hotels in Finland_____
A. provide meal for only those who live in the hotels
B. provide meals for any diners
C. provide free wine and charge for food
D. are mostly poorly managed
8. Which of the fllowing is NOT tue according to the passage?____
A. The workers in Finland are paid by the hour.
B. The bosses in Finland are too busy to check the working hours of their emplyees.
C. The workers are always honest with their working hours.
D. The workers and their bosses will make an agreement in advance about the pay.
9.THE word "those"in the last paragraph probably refers to_____
A. people who often take taxis
B. people who often have meals in big hotels
C. people who are dishonest
D. people who are worthy of trust
10.It can be concluded that____
A. Finish people are not smart enough in daily life
B. Finland has been a good place for cheats
C. the Finnish society is of very high moral level
D. all the Finns are rich
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
There are many factors which may have an influence on adults and children being able to lead a healthy ife.
Nowadays,people are very busy. Often, both parents work outside the home.Children are expected to take on more responsibility at home to help their parents.They also have sporting and leisure activities as well as school expectations.
The busyness also adds another factor: the need to use cars to get from one place to another quickly.
Today,society places a lot of emphasis on technology. Computers, DVDs.CDs,television,PlayStations and Xboxes have become major leisure activites,rather than traditional more active pursuits. This has led to a more sedentary lifestyle.
The media provide entertanment and information.(79)Unfortunately, they also promote fast food which fits easily into busy lifstes.
It is much more convenient at times to buy a quick take away rather than prepare a meal.The media constanty bombard(轰炸)their audience with‘perfect' body images,the need to buy the most fashionable dlothes, the most up-to-date computer games, the best places to visit and the best things to do.
Environments vary.We may be exposed to pollution,such as cigarette smoke.This can be harmful to people who suffer from breathing difficulties.(80)Environments where passive smoking is unavoidable make it difcult to lead a healthy life.It is important factor influencing healthy lifestyles is motivation. Or the desire to be healthy.Any person who wants to be healthy will find a way to be healthy 一if he/she is motivated enough.
11.The passage is mainly about____.
A. benefits of a healthy life style
B. demands of daily life
C. factors afectng a healthy lifestyle
D. a positive approach to healthy living
12. The word“sedentary”in Paragraph 4 probable means_____
A. having a lot of things to do
B. involving ltte exercise or physical activity
C. being isolated from the outside world
D. experiencing a lot of stress
13.Which of the fllowing is NOT mentined in the passage as a factor leading to the popularity of fast food?_____
A. Cheap price.
B. The media.
C. Busy lfstye.
14. Which is NOT listed as a factor infuencing the ability to have a healthy lifestyle?_____
C.Dependence upon cars.
D.Influence of family or friends.
15.According to the author,_____may be the most important factor influencing healthy lifestyles.
D.the desire to be healthy
Part II Vocabulary and Structure
Directions:In this part, there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,Cand D.Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding
16.Hearing the gunshot,all the birds flew____ every direction.
17.The factory had to___number of employees because of the economic dedine in the country.
18.His parents____his money,so he is in trouble now.
19.Can you_____the diference____the two phrases?
20.If anyone happens to drop in while I am out,___him or her leave a message.
21.There is no doubt____you will pass the exam this time.You have worked so hard in the past months
22.I____the boy to save money,but he wouldn 't listen.
23.I made a call to my parents yesterday.To my disappointment,____ of them answered it.
24.No matter_____he is able to come to the party or not,we will invite him.
25.The idea_____to him in his dream and he decided to camy it out.
26.He would have paid____for the house if the salesgirl had insisted because he really wanted it.
A.twice as much
B.much as twice
C.as much twice
D.twice much as
27.They decided to chase the cow away___ it did more damage.
28.We wanted a new table for dinner,so my father bought____from a furniture store yesterday.
29.A library with five thousand books____to the nation as a gift.
30.____is often the case,we have worked out the production plan.
31.It is no____talking to him,because he will never change his mind.
32.The way I thought of____the animal was of great value.
33.In another year or so,you____all about it
D.will have forgotten
33.In another year or so,you___all about it
D.will have forgotten
34.No one here believes the reason___he gave for his lateness.
35.The novel I bought last week is worth____ ,I think
D.to be read
36.After the fire,____would otherwise be a cultural center is now reducedto apile of ashes.
37.Did you notice the little boy____ away?
A.took the candy and run
B.taking the candy and run
C.take the candy and run
D.who taking the candy and running
38.___gives people more knowledge of the society than literature.
39.If Mary catches____her diary, she'll be angry.
D.you to read
40.Don' tworry me now,I will mend that coat___
A.by and by
B.off and on
C.back an forth
D.now and then
41.Please join us.We can easily make_____for one more at this table.
42.You may depend on____will not repeat his mistakes.
43.“ That latest car must have cost you a pretty penny."“Oh,no ___.”
A.it didn' t
D.it must haven't
44_____ the first to use nuclear weapons.
A.At no time China will be
B.Never China will be
C.Will China never be
D.At no time will China be
45.Encouragement is sometimes much more_ than criticism.
Part III ldentification
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts markedA,B,C and D.identify the one that is not correct.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
46.Two woman teachers and four girl students were praised at the meeting yesterday.
47. After she got married, Lily went to see her mother each other week.
48. There will be more than three hundreds students taking part in the sports meet.
49.While shopping, people sometimes can't help persuading into buying something they don't really need.
50. We are all for your proposal that the discussion is to be put off.
51.Factory workers had to work very hard before, so had farmers.
52.He finds it easier to do the cooking himself than teaching his wife to cook
53.There was too much dust that we couldn’t see what was happening.
54.The boy did not have to leave the next day because he got his visa extending.
55.What does Mr.Johnson like? He’s a friendly sort of man. I like to work with him.